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EU Timeline: 2000s

Significant events:

2000   |   2001   |   2002   |   2003   |   2004   |   2005   |   2006   |   2007

2000

1 January
Portugal takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

15 January
The Ministerial Intergovernmental Conferences for the accession negotiations of Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Romania and Slovakia is opened in Brussels.

3 May
Greece is invited by the Commission to become the twelfth member of the euro-zone.

19 to 20 June
A European Council meeting in Santa Maria da Feiral adopts broad economic guidelines and agrees to Greece's entry into the euro.

1 July
France takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

28 September
The result of a referendum in Denmark is against joining the euro.

8 November
The Commission delivers to the Council its report on enlargement, including progress on the preparation of each candidate country and an "Accession Partnership" proposal highlighting criteria Turkey must address before accession negotiations can begin.

7 - to December
A European Council meeting in Nice acknowledges continued negotiations with candidate countries and progress made by Turkey to satisfy pre-negotiation criteria, and discusses a number of common working and social policy issues. Political agreement is made on the Treaty of Nice.

2001

European Year of Languages

1 January
Sweden takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

2 January
Greece becomes the twelfth member of the euro zone.

26 February
The Treaty of Nice is signed, amending the Treaty on the European Union and the Treaties establishing the European Communities.

7 June
The result of a referendum in Ireland is against the Treaty of Nice.

15 to 16 June
A European Council meeting in Gothenburg agrees a framework for enlargement.

1 July
Belgium takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

14 December
The euro-zone countries make euro-kits available so that citizens are able to purchase euro coins in advance of the changeover.

2002

1 January
Spain takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.
Euros enter into circulation in the twelve participating member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain.

15 January
The European Parliament elects Pat Cox, Irish statesman, as its President.

28 February
The euro becomes the sole currency within the twelve participating member states.
The Convention on the Future of Europe is opened in Brussels.

1 July
Denmark takes over the Presidency of the European Union.

23 July
The Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) expires after fifty years.

26 September
The first European Day of Languages is celebrated.

9 October
The European Commission recommends that accession negotiations with Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia are concluded by the end of the 2002, in preparation for joining the European Union by the beginning of 2004.

19 October
The result of a second referendum in Ireland is in favour of the Treaty of Nice.
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2003

European Year of People with Disabilities

1 January
Greece takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

1 February
The Treaty of Nice is enforced.

8 March
The result of a referendum in Malta is in favour of joining the European Union.

19 March
The European Parliament adopts a report supporting the accession to the European Union of Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovak and Slovenia in 2004.

23 March
The result of a referendum in Slovenia is in favour of joining the European Union.

9 April
The European Parliament agrees to the accession to the European Union of Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, and Slovakia.

12 April
The result of a referendum in Hungary is in favour of joining the European Union.

16 April
The Treaty of Accession between the European Union and the Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, and Slovakia is signed in Athens.

10 to 11 May
The result of a referendum in Lithuania is in favour of joining the European Union.

16 to 17 May
The result of a referendum in Slovakia is in favour of joining the European Union.

7 to 8 June
The result of a referendum in Poland is in favour of joining the European Union.

13 to14 June
The result of a referendum in the Czech Republic is in favour of joining the European Union.

1 July
Italy takes over the Presidency of the European Union.

14 September
The result of a referendum in Sweden is against joining the single European currency.

20 September
The result of a referendum in Latvia is in favour of joining the European Union.

4 October
An Intergovernmental Conference (ICG) in Rome is tasked with putting together the final version of the European Union's first constitution.

2004

1 January
Ireland takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

1 May
The Accession Treaty is enforced, with ten new countries, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the Slovak Republic, and Slovenia, representing more than 100 million citizens, joining the European Union.

5 May
The European Parliament votes to approve, and the Council of Ministers formally appoints, the ten new Commissioners from the ten new member states.

17 to 18 June
A European Council meeting in Brussels approves Croatia is a candidate country for membership of the European Union and that the accession process should begin.

29 June
José Manuel Durão Barroso, Portuguese statesman, is nominated as president designate of the Commission and Javier Solana, Spanish statesman, is appointed as Secretary-General of the Council.

1 July
The Netherlands takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

20 July
The new European Parliament elects Josep Borrell Fontelle, Spanish statesman, as its President.

20 to 23 July
The opening session of the sixth elected (and newly enlarged European Parliament), begins under the chairmanship of its oldest member, the Italian Giovanni Berlinguer.

22 July
José Manuel Barroso appointment as the new President of the European Commission is approved by the European Parliament.

26 September
European Day of Languages 2004 is celebrated.

29 October
The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe is signed.

2005

1 January
Luxembourg takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

26 January
The Commission publishes its strategic objectives for 2005 to 2009, "Prosperity, Solidarity and Security".

20 February
The result of a referendum in Spain is in favour of the Constitutional Treaty.

15 April
Manuel António dos Santos, Portuguese statesman, is elected European Parliament vice-President.

23 April
The European Parliament approves Romania's and Bulgaria's entry into the European Union.

29 May
The result of a referendum in France is against the Constitutional Treaty.

1 June
The result of a referendum in The Netherlands is against the Constitutional Treaty.

1 July
The United Kingdom takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

10 July
The result of a referendum in Luxembourg is in favour of the Constitutional Treaty.

26 September
European Day of Languages 2005 is celebrated.

3 October
European Union accession negotiations open with Turkey and Croatia.

2006

1 January
Austria takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

1 July
Finland takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

11 July
A European Council meeting in Brussels agrees to Slovenia's entry into the euro, as of 1 January 2007.

1 August
Ivo Sanader, prime minister of Croatia, announces that Croatia wishes to join the European Union in 2008

26 September
European Day of Languages 2006 is celebrated.

2007

1 January
Bulgaria and Romania become the 26th and 27th members of the European Union.

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