Public and private roads
We have two different types of road:
- a public road which is adopted and maintained by us
- a private road which is not adopted or maintained by us but could still be used by the public.
Adopting a road
When we adopt a private road it means we then own the road and will maintain it.
New roads are normally adopted through an agreement between us and the developer under section 38 of the Highways Act 1980. Works to the road to get it to the agreed standard are paid for by the developer, and once this work has been completed we'll adopt the road as highway maintainable at public expense.
Existing private roads won't normally be adopted unless they're brought up to current standards by the owners of the road.
Work can be carried out on existing public roads through an agreement between us and the developer under section 278 of the Highways Act 1980. Works to the road, such as a junction improvements, traffic calming or improved pedestrian facilities, are paid for by the developer.
Highway agreement form [PDF, 34KB]
We can adopt an area of land under section 228 of the Highways Act 1980, if it's been maintained by us in the past or it's needed for developments in the area. The landowner can object to the adoption in writing within one month of notices being displayed on site. Taxi