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Supporting successful preparation for adulthood

With high aspirations, and the right support, the vast majority of children and young people can go on to achieve successful long-term outcomes in adult life. Local authorities, education providers and their partners should work together to help children and young people to realise their ambitions in relation to:

  • higher education and/or employment – including exploring different employment options, such as support for becoming self-employed and help from supported employment agencies
  • independent living – enabling people to have choice and control over their lives and the support they receive, their accommodation and living arrangements, including supported living
  • participating in society – including having friends and supportive relationships, and participating in, and contributing to, the local community
  • being as healthy as possible in adult life

Planning good transitions

All professionals working with families should look to enable children and young people to make choices for themselves from an early age and support them in making friends and staying safe and healthy.

SEN support should include planning and preparing for transition, before a child moves into another setting or school. This can also include a review of the SEN support being provided or the EHC plan. To support the transition, information should be shared by the current setting with the receiving setting or school. The current setting should agree with parents the information to be shared as part of this planning process. Schools should agree with parents and pupils the information to be shared as part of this planning process. Where a pupil is remaining at the school for post-16 provision, this planning and preparation should include consideration of how to provide a high quality study programme.

As children grow older, and from Year 9 in school at the latest, preparing for adult life should be an explicit element of conversations with children and their families as the young person moves into and through post-16 education. For children and young people in or beyond Year 9 with EHC plans, local authorities have a legal duty to include provision to assist in preparing for adulthood in the EHC plan review.

In Plymouth, we strongly believe that all young people in Plymouth, regardless of their ability or background, should achieve their full potential.

We are determined that your child should have equal access to excellent education and choice, as well as being safe, healthy, happy and resilient when learning in Plymouth.

A good place to start planning your child’s post 16 options is to think of these three questions.

  1. Where am I now? (What qualifications, skills, and interests do I have?)
  2. Where do I want to get to? (What would I like to be doing in 5 years time – job, house, children?)
  3. How will I get there? (What course or training is likely to get you where you want to go?)

Of course, at 16, young people don't necessarily know the answer to all these questions, but now is the time to start exploring information about careers, jobs and courses.

More information

For further information about Special Educational Needs, including Education Health and Care plans, visit the Local Offer website.

Alternatively, if you need independent support and advice around Special Educational Need visit the Plymouth Information Advice and Support website.

There are a number of pathways into training and employment for young people with special educational needs. Entry requirements to these pathways will normally take individual barriers to learning into account.

Planning your future

If your child has a part time job, encourage them to balance work and school work. Help your child build up their CV. What can they capture already? How can they build it up? Ask for help from their tutor and/or employer.

Job types and career ideas in Plymouth    Careers advice

Colleges and training providers    Find a school       

How you can support your child at school

Is your child on course to achieve 5 GCSEs including Maths and English at GCSE Grade 5 or above?

Yes

Your child’s options are:

  • School 6th forms
  • Further Education Colleges and Independent Training providers
  • Level 2 or Level 3 apprenticeships
  • Spend 20 hours or more a week working or volunteering, while in part-time education or training

No

Your child’s options are:

Study towards any Level 2 academic or technical (work based) qualification at College or with a training provider whilst working towards English and Maths qualifications (GCSE or functional skills)

Studying for a Level 2 apprenticeship

Complete a pre-apprenticeship or a traineeship to prepare you for apprenticeships or college.

Negotiate with your school to retake your Maths and English GCSEs in 6th form alongside other level-3 qualifications.

Spend 20 hours or more a week working or volunteering, while in part-time education or training

You may want to speak to an independent careers advice counsellor face to face, by telephone or online.

You may want to speak to the Career Coordinator at your school, college or training provider. Ask to receive Impartial Careers Education Information Advice and Guidance from a fully trained and accredited advisory service.

Don't know

Contact your school. You must obtain accurate feedback about your child’s current attainment.

You may want to speak to an independent careers advice counsellor face to face, by telephone or online.

You may want to speak to the Career Coordinator at your school, college or training provider. Ask to receive Impartial Careers Education Information Advice and Guidance from a fully trained and accredited advisory service.

Maths and English

Maths and English are essential skills for helping young people achieve in their lives. These subjects help young people with all the other subjects they are learning. Maths and English build confidence and self-esteem, preparing young people for the world of work in the future. 

It is a government requirement that the majority of students will be working towards a Grade 4 or above in Maths and English.  For some young people with SEND, this requirement may not be appropriate. However, it is an expectation that young people continue to develop their maths and English skills as part of any pathway into employment, independence or supported living and working.

There are lots of ways to improve your Maths and English. You can speak to your son or daughters school for further advice.

Find out more information about qualifications